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Befana toy on christmas market in rome

Befana: Italy’s Enchanting Epiphany Celebration

Befana: Italy’s Enchanting Epiphany Celebration

Befana toy on christmas market in rome

Befana: Italy's Enchanting Epiphany Celebration

In Italy, the joyous holiday season extends beyond Christmas, culminating in the magical celebration of Befana on the eve of the Epiphany, January 6th. Befana, a legendary figure in Italian folklore, is a benevolent old witch who flies on her broomstick to bring gifts and sweets to well-behaved children. This beloved tradition is deeply rooted in Italian culture, blending ancient folklore with the spirit of generosity.


On the evening of January 5th, families across Italy gather to celebrate Befana’s arrival. The festivities often include communal gatherings in town squares, where locals enjoy live music, festive performances, and the anticipation of Befana’s arrival. In some regions, vibrant parades with costumed characters and marching bands add to the festive atmosphere.

Piazza Navona in Rome

Things to Do with Kids:

Befana is a particularly enchanting time for children, who eagerly await the surprises left by the old witch. Families often engage in a variety of activities to make the celebration memorable:

  1. Letter to Befana: Children write heartfelt letters to Befana, expressing their wishes and promising to be good. These letters are often burned in a symbolic gesture, sending the wishes up to the magical realm.

  2. Stockings by the Fireplace: Similar to Christmas stockings, children hang stockings by the fireplace, eagerly awaiting Befana’s arrival to fill them with small gifts and sweets.

  3. Befana Crafts: Families indulge in creative pursuits by making Befana-themed crafts. From crafting broomstick decorations to creating witch hats, these activities add a personal touch to the celebration.

  4. Befana Processions: In some towns, lively Befana processions take place. Children, dressed as Befana or other folklore characters, join the parade, creating a vibrant spectacle for both locals and visitors.

Present socks


No Italian celebration is complete without indulging in delicious food. Befana is no exception, and traditional treats add to the festive flavor of the holiday:

  1. Befana Cookies (Biscotti di Befana): Shaped like the old witch herself, these sweet cookies are a delightful addition to the celebration.

  2. Fritelle di Befana: These deep-fried dough balls, often filled with cream or chocolate, are a favorite among both children and adults.

  3. La Colomba: A dove-shaped sweet bread, La Colomba is a traditional dessert enjoyed during the Epiphany season.

  4. Hot Chocolate: Warm beverages, particularly hot chocolate, are a comforting choice during the chilly winter nights of Befana.

As the Epiphany draws near, Italy comes alive with the magic of Befana, uniting families in a shared celebration of joy, tradition, and the spirit of giving. Whether you’re savoring traditional treats, crafting with your little ones, or joining in festive parades, Befana is a time to create lasting memories with loved ones. So, embrace the enchantment and let the magic of Befana illuminate your winter nights in Italy.

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